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Brgy 649 Zone 68 BASECO Port Area, Manila
Term & SY
Type of Project
3rd term SY 2003-04
3rd term SY 2003-04
2nd term SY 2004-2005
Tutorial for Children
Class-based tutorials (math, science, english), Field trips
3rd term SY 2005-2006
Libro, Lapis, at Papel
provide students tutorials that would teach the basics of Math, Science, and English; help the students develop good study habits.
Develop social consciousness, inspire other to be catalysts for social change, and partake in community development
Orientation, evaluation, actual tutorial and workshop, graduation ceremonies, awarding of students, book collection
Enrolled students from Grades 1 to 6 (1 Tutor: 2 Tutees)
2nd term SY 2006-2007
Paaralan Para Sa Kinabukasan
To enhance the skills of BASECO students and instill in them the desire to grow as persons; To discover, enhance, and utilize their talents through extra curricular activities; To teach the children basic elementary education that would create a foundation stable enough for high school and college.
Academic tutorials, evaluation, dancing, visual arts, showcase of talents, gift giving
Children of ages 7-12 and a high school group of ages 13-16 (Academics: 2 tutors:4 tutees, Non Academics: 1 Tutor:3 Tutees)
2nd term SY 2006-2007
The 4th Basic need, Call on Education
Community Level: to provide necessary knowledge for social development, to enhance the capabilities of the children, to help the community build a foundation of academic excellence and moral obligation Student level: to promote the vision of our school, to inspire others to become better persons, to improve social awareness, and to build better characters
Tutorials and recreational activities, group activities, sports activities
Children (12 years old and below)
BASECO: AN ISLAND IN THE METROPOLIS
The Urban Island
BASECO is an island that grew from garbage, mud, and other waste materials swept in from Pasig River, as well as debris and demolished concrete dumped there by then Bureau of Public Works and Highways. Tiny white shells known as "gasang-gasang" also form part of its ground buildup.
BASECO is subdivided into two communities, Isla Liit, which consists of Blocks 15 to 17, 17-A, and 18; and Isla Laki, which is composed of Blocks I to 14. Block 19 is located along the bridge which one crosses on the way to BASECO.
Considered as a depressed community, the entire barangay has received a wide range of external assistance from both government and non-government agencies. In fact, it was identified as one of the beneficiaries of the KALAHI program of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.' The situation of the barangay has improved enormously since it was established. However, flooding, poor sanitation and health conditions, and the low quality of basic_ services, Particularly water, remain problems that affect the well-being of the most vulnerable group in the community-the poorest children.
Aplaya: Marginalized Block
One October afternoon in 1998, when the winds raged and the rain fell, the waves crashed onto the seashore, gradually tearing Aling Lita's shanty into pieces. As her husband was trying to protect their seven other kids from the typhoon, she attended to her 4-year-old boy, who at that time was sick of measles. To get out of Aplaya, one had to take a long, grueling walk through the typhoon or a banca ride to the mainland. A trip to the hospital was impossible. . . the typhoon took her son away.
Block I of BASECO, called "Aplaya" (seashore), is situated along the shores of Manila Bay. It is one of the 20 blocks of BASECO competing for government attention and services. Aplaya is considered by many to be the poorest of all the blocks as it is located farthest from the barangay hall (Block I 7-A) , where most of the community activities take place.
Every year, typhoon winds and flooding destroy a majority of the houses in the block. This is the reason why very few organizations have attempted to establish field offices, day care centers, or any structures in the area. Existing day care centers in Aplaya moved out in 1997 owing to the flooding problem. At present, only one of seven day care centers in BASECO can be found in Aplaya; the rest are located in Block 6 (one), Block 7 (two), and Block 17-A (three).
BASECO, or the Bataan Shipyard and Engineering Company, was formerly known as NASSCO (National Shipyard and Steel Corporation). The area covers five shipyard centers in Manila: Bataan, Iligan, Punta Sta. Ana, Pandacan, and North Harbor.
Its first inhabitants were fisherfolk from the Visayas (mostly from Samar) and Bataan who built "staging posts" or temporary huts while fishing in the area. Later, the relatives of caretakers and the stay-in guards of the shipping companies in the BASECO Compound began to reside there.
In 1982, BASECO was officially declared Barangay 649, Zone 68. In 1986, the government, under the administration of then President Corazon C. Aquino, sequestered the shipping facilities formerly acquired by the Romualdez family (during the Marcos era), which were believed to be part of the ill-gotten wealth of the Marcos family. The series of informal settlement demolitions in Quezon City and other parts of Metro Manila between 1990 and 1993 accelerated the growth of the barangay as it became the government's relocation site for the evicted slum dwellers. Further contributing to the sudden increase in population are the "professional” squatters in the area, who sell houses for PI ,000 to P5,OOO to those looking for a permanent residence there.
General Layout and Accessibility
With a total land area of approximately 52 hectares, BASECO is located at South Harbor, Port Area, Manila. Its largest portion lies within the eastern part of . Manila Bay, beside the mouth of Pasig River, bordering the northeast coast of the river and straddling the northern and southern boundaries of Manila. (
There are three major roads leading to BASECO Compound: 2nd Street, Muelle del Rio, and Tacoma. From Manila City Hall, one can reach the barangay by taking a jeep to Pier South and a tricycle (three-wheeled motorized vehicle) at the BASECO tricycle terminal besides the Red Cross building along Bonifacio Drive.
Dwelling Units, Facilities, and Infrastructure
In Blocks 2 to 14 (Isla Laki) , the dwelling units are lined up against the seawall. Measuring as small as 4 square meters and stacked alongside one another like a pile of books on a shelf, the houses are made of semi permanent materials, such as wood and bamboo, and permanent materials like concrete and galvanized iron sheets. In cases where more than one family resides in the house, wooden dividers are used to define each one's territory or room.
In Block I (Aplaya), families built their houses on stilts thrust deeply into the sandy ground. These structures are thus easily destroyed during typhoons or heavy rains.
In Isla Liit, especially in Blocks 15 to 17, the dwelling units perch on stilts along the breakwater. Given the flooding during high tide, a web of bamboo bridges and wooden platforms connects one house to the other, creating a complex maze of pathways and bridges.
The least depressed area is Block 17-A, where those who are "better-off" ("nakakaangat") in the community are found. It is the first block encountered upon entering the community, and its residents have the easiest access to the roads. Found here are the barangay hall, basketball court, playground, and health center. The dwelling units are made of permanent materials like concrete, galvanized iron sheets, and steel reinforcements. There are even two-story houses which double as sari-sari (variety) stores or recreation halls with billiard tables, video game machines, and videoke components.
Two churches-Catholic and Born-Again Christian-and another basketball court are situated in Block 6. Both Isla Laki and Isla Liit have small markets where residents buy or sell perishable goods.
Nearly all households have access to electricity from the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). Very few use the telephone for communication; a few have their own unit or use someone else's. A majority still lack their own indoor sanitary toilets and the few who do mostly use a bucket for flushing.
Water remains a major problem in the area, with only a minority of the households serviced by MAYNILAD Water Services, Inc.2 At least one ,water faucet is found per block, however. A water tender assigned by the barangay supervises the fetching of water and collects payments from households that access this water source (nakiki-igib). The value of the water corresponds to the meter reading per igib (fetching). If the household asks the water tender to bring water, a much higher fee is charged.
Based on the population census of the barangay, as of January 200 I, BASECO had 45,017 residents, distributed in 5,515 families. The workforce is generally engaged in a wide range of jobs. Some provide services (like drivers of jeepneys, tricycles, pedicabs or pedaled tricycles, trucks, buses, or taxi cabs; operators of banca or boats: security guards; and househelp). Others venture into small businesses (sari-sari store) or engage in vending ("buy and sell"). A number of residents work in private companies or overseas. Some households earn income by renting out bed space or rooms in their house.
BASECO residents are generally migrants from various provinces, mostly in the Visayas, as well as other demolished slum areas in Metro Manila. Thus, most of them speak Bisaya and Tagalog. Around 5 percent consist of Muslims migrants, all residing in Block 13.
Presence of Community Organizations
Several people's organizations (POs) operate in the barangay (see table). Representing the varied interests of the residents, they include civic, religious, women's, and youth groups. Some were formed based on occupation and livelihood. Generally, though, the organizations are geared toward the development of the community and the improvement of services or programs in the area.
Table 1 List of Organizations
Name of organization
AI Shattie AI Islamic (Muslim community)
Ang Bagong Pilipina Foundation (The New Filipina Foundation)
Bagong Lupa Community Council Development Organization
Bantay Bayan (Community Watch)
Barangay Block Coordinator Group
BASECO Church Mission (BCM)
BASECO Cursillo Movement
BASECO livelihood Association
BASECO T alipapa Association
BASECO TODA (Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association)
BASECO Women's Association
Citizen Crime Watch
DAMABA (Damayang Maralita sa BASECO, or Organization of the Poor in BASECO)
Guardian Association/Magic Guardian
Hermanidad del Sto. Cristo de Longos
Isla BASECO Association
KABAKA (Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran/Tulungan sa Kaunlaran/BASECO Tungo sa Kaunlaran, or One with the Nation towards Progress/Helping towards Progress/BASECO towards Progress
Kapit-Tulungan 2001 (Helping Together)
Knights of Columbus
Movement for the Advancement of Youth Power (MAYP)
Pastoral Council cf San Juan Bautista (Isla Laki)
Pastoral Council of San Vicente Ferrer (Isla Liit)
PASALBA (Pambansang Samahan ng Bayan, or National Association of the Country)
Samahan ng Mahihirap (Association of the Poor)
Samahan ng Mahihirap sa Gate 6 (Association of the Poor in Gate 6)
Samahan ng mga lIonggo (Association of Ilonggos)
Samahan ng Waray-Waray (Association of Waray-Waray)
Samahang Bangkero at Mangingisda sa BASECO (Association of Boatmen and Fisherfolk in BASECO)
Samahang Magkakapitbahay sa BASECO (BASECO Neighborhood Association)
Samahang Mananchi sa BASECO (Association of Sewers in BASECO)
Samahang Pagkakaisa ng BASECO/Pagkakaisa (United Association of BASECO)
Samahang Patubig ng BASECO (Watertenders' Association of BASECO)
Samahang Pinagbuklod ng BASECO (Unified Association of BASECO)
Save our Seafarers
The Surigao Group
United Muslim Disciplined Organization (UMDO)
Situation of Urban Children and Youth
Given their impoverished condition, children in BASECO are pushed to take on the responsibilities of their parents early in life. In fact, when Racky (14 years old) was asked what he considered as the youth's strengths and capabilities, he cited the capacity to help their parents. These children were born into an environment where a carefree life is almost impossible. Instead of thinking about how to divide their time between schoolwork and play, 10- to 14-year-old children are already worrying about how they can help their parents cover the family's daily living expenses and other basic needs.
The youth cope in part by forming barkada (peer groups or gangs), which serve as support systems to help them deal with their many problems. Called fraternities, like Trese Hudas and AKRO, they have about 50 members each.. They test their members' survival skills and loyalty to the organization through violent hazing. Ranging from I 3 to 17 years of age, the youth that join fraternities are usually the ones in conflict with the law.
Among all the communities in Manila, BASECO is the only barangay with its own health center. However, for some residents, especially those of Block I, the health center's location in Block 17-A poses problems of accessibility.
Organized and funded by the Department of Health (DOH), the. health center offers free services. These include consultation, immunization (OPT, OPV, BCG, AMV-antimeasles, and hepatitis B), and prenatal and postnatal checkup. The Manila Health Department supervises, monitors, and evaluates the programs and services of the center, together with the barangay health workers (BHWs).
The health center also has annual activities such as supplemental feeding for malnourished children and the Garantisadong Pambata program involving the distribution of vitamin A supplements and conducted in partnership with other agencies.
The use of iodized salt instead of natural rock salt is not popular in BASECO for cost and accessibility reasons. A majority of the respondents do not even know if iodized salt is available in any of the sari-sari stores. The health center is the only known source of iodized salt.
Water and sanitation
As mentioned earlier, the MAYNILAD service is the community's only source of potable water. Most of the residents complain, however, that the water is not clear, especially after flooding. Thus, they are uncertain whether the water is I OO-percent safe to drink.
Hygiene and sanitation remain primary problems in the community. Piles of stagnating garbage are a common sight in the area. Upon entering each block, one feels the ground underneath one's feet transform into a mushy flooring of garbage accumulated from the sea. Thinking about the kinds of disease acquired from walking barefoot 011 the equivalent of hardened burak (water from the canal mixed with garbage and soil) suggests a nightmarish scenario.
The absence of sanitary toilets, as is the case for the majority of the households, makes the community, especially the children, further vulnerable to illnesses. The most common practice of waste disposal is the "Antipolo" type, or throwing human waste into the seashore near the breakwater. Some dispose of their waste in the open drainage or garbage dump; others use the toilets of their neighbors, friends, or relatives. A number use the public toilet or bury their waste.
Child health and nutrition
Based on recent health center reports, there are approximately 56q newly identified second- and third-degree malnourished children in the community. In a family of five to seven children, usually three are malnourished. The more children there are in a family, the higher the frequency of malnourished children, as the parents cannot afford enough nutritious food for all of them.
To address the nutritional needs of the children and help the parents minimize expenses, three sets of feeding activities are presently implemented ,in the community. One is the KALAHI program, which feeds a total of 260 moderately and severely malnourished children twice a day at the barangay health center. The second is the twice-a-week feeding activity of the Kababaihan ng Maynila (Women of Manila), which is funded by the Manila mayor. It is carried out at the nutrition post in Block 7, identified as one of the most depressed areas in the community. The third is the sporadic feeding program of World Mission Community Foundation (WMCF).
Children aged 0 to 2 years are required to go to the health center at the end of each month for checkups and weighing. According t_ the BHW, however, a majority of the "caregivers" take their children to the health center only when - they are sick. Most rely on the house visits of the BHWs.
There are seven BHWs at the health center. Each of them has an assignment, covering one to four blocks, depending on size. By conducting house visits, they are able to monitor the children closely. Most children thus get vitamin A supplements and complete immunization. Problem arises, though, . when the families change residence.
One factor affecting the health of children relates to the religious or ethnic beliefs of their parents or families. Muslim_ in Block 13, for instance, resist immunization. They believe that injecting foreign objects into the body makes the body impure. Once, a Muslim child died of measles complication after being immunized. The parents blamed the doctors for having given the child anti measles vaccination, convinced that this was what worsened the child's condition.
There have been no recorded cases of infant deaths in recent years, but the BHW reports that, overall, poor nutrition and tuberculosis are the leading causes of infant mortality.
Child-care and rearing
BASECO exemplifies a typical patriarchal community. The women carry the double burden of doing the household chores (preparing and cooking food, doing the laundry, and cleaning the house) and attending to the children. Most families do not expect the father to help around the house or to look after the children.
To the residents, his sole duty is to provide for his family, in a pattern of shared responsibility.
The women are associated with child-care and rearing roles. In a house shared by more than one family not necessarily related to the other by blood, the women help one another take care of the children. Whenever the mother is busy or out of the house, another mother may attend to her child. In the case of extended families, the ate (older sister), aunts, cousins, and lola (grandmother) help in caring for the child.
Maternal health and nutrition
The health center has no lying-in clinic, so pregnant women are referred to any of the four hospitals, Gat Andres Bonifacio, Fabella, Ospital ng Maynila, and Jose Reyes. Of 150 pregnant women in 200 I , 80 percent delivered their babies in hospitals and lying-in clinics outside BASECO; the rest had home births. Of the latter, 70 percent were assisted by a trained hi/at (traditional birth attendant); the remaining few sought the help of untrained hi/at (26. percent) or delivered their babies without any assistance (3 percent). The health center midwife claims that there are many hi/at in the community.
At-risk pregnancies are not common in the community, with only one to two such cases per year, usually related to edema, hypertension, or poor nutrition. As the health center can only provide' primary care, patients needing emergency obstetric care are referred to hospitals.
In 2001, only I of 45 pregnant women was able to have a complete prenatal checkup. Typically, in BASECO, pregnant women start their checkups in the third trimester of their pregnancy. Most mothers regard the house visits of BHWs as equivalent to their checkup. This may not be as effective as when the women go to the health center because BHWs have limited resources or instruments when they do house visits. The women cite cost and accessibility as their reasons for not going to the center for checkups.
The health center staff members disclose that a majority of the mothers are simply lazy or too busy to go to the health center. The most, they say, that BHWs can do is to motivate the women, even to the point of "begging the mothers to have their checkups" ("nagmamakaawa pa nga sila para magpacheckup ang mga nanay").
When mothers visit the health center, they are given 30 tablets of iron to last a month. As of November 200 I, 45 pregnant women had visited the health center, but only 10 had received complete tetanus toxin immunization and a sufficient dose of vitamin A and iron.
The health center does not promote contraception in family planning3 because the Manila mayor is prolife. The staff thus teaches the calendar method.
Cases of maternal mortality are reportedly very rare in the community. If at all, it is usually the Muslim community that experiences this, and the health center has no way of monitoring the situation.. In these instances, the deceased is immediately taken to the funeral home. In turn, maternal morbidity is primarily attributed to acute respiratory infection (ARI), tuberculosis, and pneumonia. As diagnosis and treatment of respiratory tract infections are not readily available, and cases of botched abortion not readily discerned, one cannot tell the extent to which these threats apply.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has initiated activities like a parents' class, but the rate of participation is very low. Moreover, there appears to be little sense of shared responsibility among the spouses. as only the mothers attend the class.
All programs and projects for children and youth development are geared toward education and skills enhancement. It is the non-government and government agencies that commonly implement these. The role of the barangay is to coordinate with these groups.
Seven programs that focus on Early Childhood Development (ECD), i.e., day care centers, are currently operating in BASECO, particularly in Isla Laki (Blocks I, 6, 7, 17, and 17-A). Four of these are carried out by non-government organizations (NGOs), particularly the Educational Research Development Authority (ERDA) School Foundation, HOPE, Teacher Center of the Philippines (TCP), and Open Heart Foundation. Two are run by church-based or religious groups (World Mission Community Foundation and Living Word Mission Church). One, found in 17-A, was established by DSWD. These ECD programs had an' aggregate student population of 550 as of 2001. Given the number of preschool aged children in the barangay, more schools offering ECD are needed in the area if all children are to be reached.
Moreover, the average teacher-student ratio (I :75) is low. Some teachers complain that they handle too many students, making it difficult for them to focus on those who need extra help. This partly accounts for the increase in dropout rate.
Elementary and high school students and out-or-school youth
According to young key informants, their biggest problem is their need to work to afford an education and even send their younger siblings to school. Owing to extreme poverty, their value system gives priority to work as their primary obligation, virtually forcing them to make education a secondary priority. In a survey conducted by an NGO, from a sample of 1,036 children and youth aged 7 to 16 years, 624 were in school in 200 I. One youth group representative estimates that 80 percent of the children stop schooling after graduating from elementary, while the remaining 20 percent go to high school. Of the 20 percent, only half finishes high school. The youth cite lack of financial resources as the primary reason for quitting school. Although the government and numerous NGOs offer free education, there are still the costs of transportation, school projects, and food that the students (or their parents) have to shoulder. Poor health and nutrition, family problems, and migration to provinces or change of residence make up other reasons for dropping.
ERDA is one NGO that extends schooling assistance in the form of monthly allowances, school supplies, and uniforms. It prioritizes children from large and low-income families, and broken homes. To identify the beneficiaries, it conducts house visits and interviews.
HOPE, a prominent NGO in BASECO, provides high school graduates with free computer education as an alternative to a college education. It believes that the program is very effective in that 60 percent of its graduates get jobs after completing the program.
The Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) notes that there is a serious participation problem among school-aged children in the barangay. Given the island location of BASECO, schools are not as accessible as when one comes from a barangay on the mainland. To address this problem, Marcella Agoncillo Elementary School, a DECS public school, established an annex in Block 17-A. The facility accommodates approximately 1,250 students. This comes as a great relief to the parents as no transportation cost is incurred in going to school. However, the annex offers education only up to grade 5. Students who want to finish elementary school must go to the main school in Binondo, some 10 to 15 minutes away by public transport.
Some elementary students go to Almario Elementary School in Tondo, a child friendly school with transport service so the children can easily go to and from school.
Most high school students go to Pedro Guevarra in Tondo, which also offers transport service. Others go to Manila High School, Tondo High School, Rajah Soliman High School, and Jose Abad Santos High School.
Those who are not able to pursue formal schooling enroll in the World Mission Community-Center for Alternative Education (WMC-CARE), the only program in BASECO that offers non-formal education as well as functional literacy classes to parents and caregivers. WMC also refers its students to potential donors for college sponsorships. The beneficiaries recognize WMC-CARE for being the only educational center in BASECO that accepts overage children and OSY, giving them a chance to go back to school.
The Prevention and Identification of Child Sexual Abuse (PICSA), a program of HOPE, identified 79 cases of child abuse in BASECO in 200 I. According to the adviser of the community youth organization, Movement for the Advancement of Youth Power (MAYP), who is also the barangay secretary, 5 percent of the children in the barangay are sexually harassed or abused, while 10 percent are maltreated. Owing to their unfavorable living circumstances, caregivers, parents, or adults in the neighborhood tend to take out their frustrations on the most vulnerable individuals in the community-the children.
MA YP believes that almost all incidents of child abuse are reported. This is not surprising as the houses in BASECO are situated close to each other. If the party involved refuses to report, there will surely be a concerned neighbor who will do so.
Another group of children in need of special protection consists of working children and street children, who, according to some youth, comprised approximately 30 percent of the total child and youth population of the barangay as of 200 I. The children in these two categories are ,most often. the same individuals. Children who belong to a very poor family will have to either fend for themselves or contribute to the family income. They most commonly _engage in vending. Boys and girls as young as 8 to 10 years old sell plastic bags in Manila's largest wet market, Divisoria, which is a boat and a jeepney ride away from BASECO. Some children pick up vegetables that have fallen off delivery trucks and sell these along the streets or in the barangay itself. Others hang out at Pier 12 to collect ban2nas coming off boats from the south. Still a number collect rotten or nearly spoiled food from the market and sell this as kanin baboy (pig feed) to pig raisers. Older boys (15 to 18 years old) dive for tahong (mussels) along the seawall. After cleaning and repacking the tahong with the whole family, they sell these in small plastic bags for as low as P5 per bag. The younger boys and girls (8 to 9 years old) help sell the packed tahong in or around the area.
In indigent communities, it is very difficult to keep the children from working. They have become accustomed to finding sources of income even in the filthiest and most dangerous environments. In response to this problem, the DSWD District V Office proposed to provide free insurance to 150 children in hazardous work, including vendors in Divisoria, garbage collectors, and porters. In BASECO, 35 children and youth aged 7 to 17 years, including males and females, were chosen.
BASECO has no Barangay Council for the Protection of Children (BCPC). DSWD and the barangay council handle directly all cases and reports related to child protection. These two agencies cooperate to prevent any violation of children's rights. Petty or accidental incidence of child abuse is settled at the barangay level. The toned (village peacekeeping force), accompanied .by the assigned social worker in the barangay, visits the parties involved and resolves the matter peacefully. The perpetrator is interviewed and educated on his or her errors. More serious cases that are deliberate and repetitive are forwarded to the DSWD District Office, which takes the appropriate legal action. In addition, DSWD promotes children's rights and awareness by conducting seminars in the barangay hall every other month. The participation rate, however, is very low.
MAYP claims that community awareness of child abuse and children's rights has significantly increased owing to the interventions of DSWD and NGOs, such as HOPE, Open Heart Foundation, and ERDA, which conduct widespread advocacy against child physical and sexual abuse. HOPE identifies and rescues physically and sexually abused children in the barangay through its PICSA program. The goal of the program is to inform the children about sexual abuse, build the self-esteem of victims, and help them recover through therapy.
The first phase of the program was conducted in July 2000-August 200 I. An advocacy presentation in the form of a puppet show took place in the community, teaching children the eight rules for safety. Through a series of presentations and conversations with the children, the program was able to identify those who were in need of protection. In the second phase, HOPE partnered with another NGO, the Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Sexual Abuse (CPTCSA) , which helps in the treatment and recovery of affected children. HOPE has also initiated a drop-in program to address the needs of children in need of special protection. Providing a center to which. children can go for help. it has as its target beneficiaries the street children, OSY. and working children aged 7 to 15 years. Through the program, the children are rescued and receive non-formal education.
There is a long list of activities for children and youth in BASECO, yet the level of participation remains low. The most common activities that promote the participation of children aged 3 to 6 years are those carried out at the day care center. .
There are very few projects implemented by internal organizations in the barangay. The projects are usually initiated by government agencies, such as DSWD, in coordination with the barangay council. As BASECO itself lacks funds to initiate new programs or projects. the role of external agencies becomes very significant.
Some youth claim that the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK, or Youth Council) is not active. There is only one identified active youth organization in BASECO, the Movement for the Advancement of Youth of the Philippines. The ages of its members range from 15 to 22 years. MA YP has a mix of young men and women, some in school, others out of school. It holds sports and social events in the community. such as a Christmas party. liga (sportsfest) , and sayawan (dance), which have become annual traditions. The members themselves take care of organizing, directing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating their activities in the community, although they also seek the assistance of the barangay council as well as their adviser, the barangay secretary.
Before MA YP was organized, another youth group called BASECO Youth Movement (BYM) was popular in the barangay. As BYM did not recruit new members. the group eventually disbanded as the members became older and got married.
Programs that allow the children and youth to initiate and direct their own projects and activities with very little adult intervention represent only a handful. These include HOPE's Computer Learning Program, which encourages a good deal of independence among the students. In exchange for the free education, the students render voluntary community service and evaluate .one another’s performance. Under the program, they are made to brainstorm and submit their awn project proposals, in consultation with the adults.
Other forms of youth participation previously existed in fraternities and gangs, which the youth regarded as a support group far teenagers. These groups initiated their awn activities which mostly involved troublemaking and riots. The tanod claims that these groups have now been eradicated in the area and that peace and order have came to the community. There appears to be a reasonable basis far this assertion.
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